Us president Truman raised the issue to the united actions, and called for a national united nations military force to emit North Korean forces from the South. Australia was one of fifteen nations fighting, involving a squadron Of the RAFF, two battalions of the Australian Army and various naval forces. Over 300 Australian soldiers were killed in the Korean War. In September 1952, Australia signed the ANGUS Treaty with New Zealand and the united States, as the Australian government was convinced that it needed an ally in the Cold War. The Korean War and China’s intervention strengthened these feelings.
The Treaty didn’t specifically commit to any parties coming to the assistance of another if they were attacked, but the opinions of the Treaty pointed in that direction. The ANGUS Treaty still exists. The end of the Korean War did not end the communist military action in Asia. Another communist nation, North Vietnam, was created when the Vietnamese forces under Ho Chi Mini defeated the French at the Battle of Dine Been PH. The United States introduced an alliance for the protection of South-East Asia. In September 1954, the South-East Asia Treaty Organization SEATS) formed.
It involved the US, Britain, Australia, New Zealand, Thailand, the Philippines, Pakistan and France. SEATS brought the US and Australia even closer, it provided protection against the dangers of communism in the region and backed up the Australian policy of forward defense, to fight potential enemies rather than wait for them to attack on Australian grounds. During WI, many communist resistance groups had fought against the Japanese in Malay. Defeating Japan, these groups expected to gain power but were stopped by British forces.
This lead to guerrilla attacks on British planters, miners and troops. In 1 948, a status of emergency was declared, beginning the Malay Emergency. The threat lasted until 1 960, when the emergency was raised. In 1955 Australia helped the British with ground, air and naval forces that were withdrawn at the end of the emergency. Australia also responded to many internal threats against communism. Robert Enemies was the Australian Prime Minister from 1949 to 1966 and during his time, he upheld a consistent belief against what he saw as the communist threat to
Australia. Enemies’ effort against communism involved actions taken within Australia to attack ‘ home-grown’ communism. To some, communism was a large threat inside Australia. The communist party was an enthusiastic supporter of WI and its membership reached 23 DOD people by 1 945, even having a member of parliament. Communists held numerous positions in some of Australia’s leading trade unions and in 1 948 there were several major strikes. Actions by the Labor Government of Ben Chiefly led to claims that it was almost communist in nature.
His actions included the introduction of welfare state measures and also attempted to nationalist banks which failed due to a high court ruling. Robert Enemies introduced a bill to ban the Communist Party in Australia, which was passed by Parliament in October 1950. The bill was challenged in the High Court by the communist party and ten trade unions, led by deputy Labor leader Dry Ovate, who saw the law as a threat to Australian democratic freedoms. The High Court agreed with Ovate and declared the law unconstitutional.
Enemies was returned to power a eek later, and decided to hold a referendum on the issue. If Enemies could convince people to vote ‘ yes’, the communist party would be banned. Ovate campaigned powerfully for a ‘ no’ vote. He believed that banning a political party in Australia would not make it any different to a dictatorship like the Soviet Union. The referendum Was held on 22 September 1 951. The result was close with only 52082 more people voting ‘ no’ than yes’, Enemies failing his effort to ban the Communist Party. In conclusion, Australia responded to both internal and external threats from communism.