History of Indian Education
Since time immemorial, India has been the largest cultural and educational center in the whole world. It was in India in 700 BC. e. the first university in the world was founded in Taxil. Indian scientists gave birth to such important sciences as algebra, trigonometry. The Indian scientist Sridharacharya introduced the concept of quadratic equations. Do not forget that Sanskrit – the ancient Indian literary language – formed the basis of all Indo-European languages. Ayurvedic medical practices that came to us from India are used today throughout the world. Another interesting fact: the art of shipbuilding is also from India – it originated here another 4000 years BC. e. It is noteworthy that in the modern word “ navigation”, which has a common root in many Slavic and European languages (English, German, French navigation, Italian navigatione), there is Indian etymology: it is based on the Sanskrit Navgati (ship navigation) .
The concept of moderneducationin India is aimed at educating a diversified person who knows how to appreciate the beauty, art and rich cultural heritage of the country. The modern educational system is based on focusing on the needs of the people, preserving their native language and cultural traditions. One of the main directions of the country’s social policy today is to increase the general level of education of the population, so schools are being built everywhere in the states, teaching children in schools is being promoted, as opposed to home education and work from an early age.
Preschool education in India
There is no pre-school education system in India as such. The country has traditionally developed home pre-school education. Up to four years, the child is at home under the supervision of a mother. If both parents are busy at work, resort to the services of a nanny or relatives. Some schools have preparatory groups, where you can still give the child if there is no opportunity to engage in his education at home. In these groups, the baby spends most of the day and, in addition to being under constant supervision, goes through the stage of preparation for school and even begins to learn foreign languages (mainly English).
Features of secondary education in India
Today, every citizen is required to receive basic secondary education in India, regardless of gender and social status. This step is free. The minimum educational level is 10 classes. Here children study from 4 to 14 years. Second stage: grades 11-12, the stage is preparatory for those students who decide to continue their education at the university and get a specialty. Despite the fact that every citizen of India has the right to receive free full secondary education, there is a system of private schools in the country where in-depth study of individual subjects can be conducted, increased attention is paid to foreign languages. All educational institutions use innovative teaching methods, but the quality of education in private schools is much higher than in many state general educational institutions. The average cost of studying in a private school is from 100 to 200 dollars per month, and sometimes even higher.
It is interesting:
- students are provided with free meals in all secondary schools;
- in India that the largest school in the world (!) is located, in which more than 32 thousand students study.