The Great Depression brought not only a fall in America’s economy, but also an opportunity for the government to intervene and provide relief to the ailed. The economic downfall had to be fixed and during FDR’s presidency this occurred. Even unemployed and underpaid employees saw an improvement in the working conditions, which was a goal of the laborers’ struggle for a while. The administration of Franklin D. Roosevelt’s proved to be effective for this time period because FDR’s policies put the government in direct involvement with the economy by increasing its power, and used the New Deal’s three R’s: relief, recovery, and reform, to attempt to pull America out of the Great Depression. Unlike Hoover, FDR believed that the government should provide direct relief to the economy.
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He put an emphasis on simulating the economy through an increase in deficit spending. This put Six Billion dollars into the economy that was used for public works and reform projects (Doc D). He also issued a lot of Acts and created a lot of organizations, which later became known as his Alphabet Agencies (Doc C). All these Agencies, including the NIRA, WPA, and the FERA, greatly increased the power of the federal government by providing many jobs and decreasing the number of unemployed people during the Great Depression (Doc J). Roosevelt’s first point to his New Deal was relief. He first wanted to help the Americans who had suffered the most during the Great Depression.
To provide this relief, he created groups like the Civilian Conservation Corps and the Works Projects Administration to provide numerous jobs to the unemployed. This gave a quick relief. This was greatly effective because it took more than 3 million people off the streets and put them to work. Another plus to this was that he also included the African Americans in his policies by giving them jobs as well (Doc I).
This way, the suffering of the needy was relieved. The next R to the New Deal was recovery, meaning that Roosevelt wanted to get America out of the economic downfall and promote economic growth. Many of Roosevelt’s agencies did so like the Tennessee Valley Authority, and the Agricultural Adjustment Act. Since one of the causes of the Depression was the decrease in the prices of agricultural products, the AAA sought to protect the farmers by providing subsidies. The TVA stimulated economic growth by building dams, increasing electricity, and bringing America into the 20th century. The last part of the New Deal was reform. Roosevelt wanted to prevent America from going into another Depression by reforming many of the aspects that didn’t seem beneficial to America.
Roosevelt solved some social issues by creating the Social Securities Administration to take care of the elderly and give then a pension each year after they turned 65 (Doc E). Another issue that FDR faced was that of the labor unions. The prevent conflicts in that arena of the economy, he issues the Wagner Act, which called for equal labor practices and allowed peaceful protests of the labor unions (Doc G). Overall, Roosevelt prepared America for a future of democracy and strength. His policies changed the role of the government by giving it a more direct part in the economy to stimulate its growth.
His three R’s; Relief, Recovery, and Reform put people back to work, stimulated the economy, increased the morale and confidence of the American people, and put their trust back into their government.