Millennium Development goals refer to the eight development goals that were established it the United Nations’ Millennium summit that were as a result of the adoption of the United Nations Millennium Declaration. All the member states and close to 23 international organizations reached a unanimous decision of achieving these goals by the close of 2015. The eight-millennium development goals include poverty and hunger eradication, gender equality promotion and women empowerment, reduced child mortality rate and improved medical health standards. Others include universal primary education, combating HIV/AIDS, malaria and other diseases, environmental sustainability, and development of global partnership for development.
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Combating HIV Spread in Kenya (Africa) and India (Asia)
The Spread of HIV in these countries is very high and requires strategies to reduce this prevalence. In my opinion, these strategies include advocating for the use of contraceptives, fidelity and healthy diet. The local governments, in collaboration with non-governmental institutions should also equip the citizens with correct and comprehensive knowledge on HIV/AIDS so that they could live responsible lives. Mother to child transmission has been a major challenge in these countries; therefore, supporting programs for this intervention should be put in place to ensure that newborns are healthy and free from the virus. The health sectors should also expand the provision of treatment and care for people living with HIV/AIDS. Finally, these governments should expand the uptake of HIV testing and counseling to enable citizens to know their HIV status and encourage them on best practices.
The major challenge in implementing these strategies in these countries is the poverty levels that hinder the citizens from paying for health services. Mother to child transmissions prevails because expectant mothers do not attend clinics and usually give birth in the hands of unqualified midwives leading to higher risks of infection. The local governments are also incapable of providing quality health services to the high populations.