The four basic health care system models

The Four Basic Health Care System Models Introduction The differences in health care system models in different geographical regions illustrate how different nations manage and follow a particular general pattern despite significant disparities in local variations and health care policies. Therefore, to achieve the health care system goals of providing treatment, maintaining a healthy population as well as protecting the families against financial constraints understanding the differences between the four basic health care system models is quite essential (Health Disparities Conference & Wallace, 2008). The Bismarck model that compiles to the Germany, France, Netherlands and other countries’ health care system is fairly similar to the American health care system that uses insurance policies to cover people’s health as a multi-payer model. Similarly, Bismarck model is strictly government run and non-profitable funded jointly by employees and employers (Boboc & Ţiţan, 2014).
Comparatively, Beverage model is a Britain, Spain and New Zealand oriented and nationalized health care that is financed and provided by the government. Beverage model focuses on the highest quality of services by controlling the sole tax payers and what the health providers can offer. In contrast, National Insurance Model contains some components of both Bismarck and Beverage models involving private-sector providers where the beneficiaries are able to negotiate for the services rendered at the best and affordable prices (Health Disparities Conference & Wallace, 2008).
However, the health care cost within the national care model is regulated by the government especially adopted in Canada and South Korea. In contrast, The Out-of-Pocket Model is applied in most developing with disorganized health care systems to provide mass health care services. Unlike other health care models, the Out-of Pocket model is adopted in rural area of South America, China and Africa. Nevertheless, this kind of health care model does not provide health care for all citizens (Boboc & Ţiţan, 2014).
The future American healthcare system should combine the elements of both health care models to cover the health care from cradle to the grave for all American individuals. Similarly, the future American health system should centrally focus on preventive services directed towards improving health and driving down costs in long term where the United State citizens’ priorities and health concerns are invested in and protected.
Boboc, C., & Ţiţan, E. (January 01, 2014). Migration of Medical Doctors, Health, Medical Education, and Employment in Eastern and Central Europe.
Health Disparities Conference, Wallace, B. C., & Columbia University. (2008). Toward equity in health: A new global approach to health disparities. New York: Springer.