The end of the Second World War could not solve the global problems, which confronted the participating countries of the anti-Hitler coalition after 1945. It was apparent that the world was on the threshold of new changes. It faced a long struggle for the world leadership. Moreover, the military and the successes of the Soviet Union greatly alarmed the Western countries, who did not want to lose their positions in the global politics. Obviously, on their part it was fear of further steps that could be taken by Stalin, inspired by heavy and long-awaited victory over Nazi Germany ( McMahon).
The Cold War was a huge mistake, which costed for the world the enormous efforts, huge material and human losses in the period of 1945-1991 years.
After Stalin’s death, but rather to say, after his murder, Khrushchev changed Stalin’s fundamental principles, and the Soviet Union agreed to trade for US dollars and entered at least the American trade sphere. And then the collapse of Russian economy and the flourishing of the American economy was just a matter of time. Russia began to sell goods for the currency. With the advent of the new year of Khrushchev ‘ thaw’ the threat of the global war has receded (Gaddis).
In May of 1955 the Warsaw Pact was signed, which was the document, which formed the establishment of a military alliance of European socialist countries under the leadership of the Soviet Union. Conclusion of the agreement was a reprisal for the accession of the Germany to NATO.
In 1959, Khrushchev visited the United States. It was the first ever visit by the Soviet leader in the United States. Khrushchev was very heartened by his trip, thus, he convened the mass rally in Moscow, where he praised the peacefulness of Eisenhower, his political wisdom, integrity and honesty (McMahon).
However, despite the slight warming of relations between the superpowers, the 1953-56 period was characterized by the events of June 17, 1953 in the German Democratic Republic, the events of 1956 in Poland, the anti-communist uprising in Hungary, the Suez crisis (Gaddis).
Cars kill 40, 000 innocent Americans each year. Pneumonia and common influenza kill 36, 000 each year. Staph infections in dirty hospitals kill 50, 000 a year. Each of these innocent deaths can be dramatically reduced with more funding, regulations, technology, and public attention. However, Americans don’t protest for safer cars, better vaccines, and cleaner hospitals. The reason for that is the role of the media in stirring the pot and pushing a particular agenda.
Media is the peculiar way of influence on people’s minds. And exactly media are the conduits of this influence. Thus, it can be argued that the media and public opinion are always in close cooperation. Public opinion expresses the needs and views of the majority. Intruding into all areas of public life, the media has a huge, growing influence on society as a whole and on each individual separately (Happer and Philo).
The influence of media has a multi-channel character and it is greater than when the directed informational influence of the media is stable and durable. An individual is usually affected by all media and the more coherent the transmitted information, the stronger the effect is.
The media are the means to deliver information to the most different parts of the world, the most powerful force of influence on people’s minds, and, of course, the media are able to convince the recipient in the best possible manner.
Today, it is clear that the use of the media as an ideological weapon is quite profitable. The main objective is to create a strong, stable relationship to any of the events, whether it is civil war, rallies or protests. Mass media in modern conditions are the system of the dissemination of information, which can form the spiritual values of society and the active influence on the submission, evaluation, opinions, behavior. In addition, it can be argued that the media are the most important resource of social management and a prerequisite for the functioning of modern society (Happer and Philo).
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Gaddis, John L. The Cold War : a new history. New York: Penguin Press, 2005. Print.
Happer, Catherine, and Greg Philo. ‘The Role Of The Media In The Construction Of Public Belief And Social Change’. J. Soc. Polit. Psych. 1. 1 (2013): 321-336. Web. 18 July 2015.
McMahon, Robert J. The Cold War a very short introduction. Oxford New York: Oxford University Press, 2003. Print.