The industrial Revolution began in Britain for many reasons. The lead reason was the Britain was the leader in economic development. The Scientific Revolution and Enlightenment fostered a new world view that promoted progress and new research into many different fields. They began experimenting with all new things and ideas, gaining a better understanding of the natural world. This was all funded by the expansion of the English woolen cloth exports.
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This brought great commercial profits and high wagers to further push along the Industrial RevolutionAnother strong booster for the Industrial Revolution in Britain was the African Slave Trade. The Slave trade helped provide raw materials needed like cotton and a growing market for manufactured goods. Agriculture in Britain was at an all-time high productivity rate as well. There was a revolution of its own in the Agriculture industry. Farmers began becoming more productive and finding new methods and tools to make their lives easier and more efficient. This provided more food, and at a cheaper price. The Industrial Revolution was all about becoming more efficient, expanding, moving into the future, and making lives better.
Cotton had a large role in this and drove the economy in Britain. The invention of the Spinning Jenny was something that boosted their cotton industry even further. The Spinning Jenny was simple, inexpensive and powered by hand. It essentially spun a large of fine thread much faster than any device ever before. Additionally these machines were mainly worked by women, not only did it give the men time to go off and help drive the Industrial Revolution in others ways, but women were more efficient in using the Spinning Jenny than men proved to be.
The biggest breakthrough for the Industrial Revolution in Britain, was the invention of the steam engine. Fist invented in 1705, it was a very inefficient machine. However it was the first of its kind, something the world had never seen before and would change the world forever. The steam engine was improved upon as the years went by. The invention spread around England and Scotland, and soon to the rest of the world. For the first time ever mass quantities of goods, and or people could be transported faster and in greater quantities than ever.
With the steam engine came railroads and the high demand of coal, further pushing along the economy providing new jobs. Railroad tracks had to be build all along Britain. There would have to people to engineer, build and maintain these steam engines. Conductors would be needed to pilot them as well, and the demand for coal would be at an all-time high. The coal mines were filling up with men looking for work and new opportunities. Having the power to transport materials like this brought the Industrial Revolution to a whole new level, and solidified Britain as the leader in the Industrial Revolution.